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Environmental Health Notice

During the Department of Health's focus on COVID-19, the ability to renew or approve new permits is limited.

On March 5, the Maryland Governor ordered that the "expiration date of each Covered Authorization is hereby extended to the 30th day after the date by which the state of emergency is terminated." As the Department of Health is an agency of the State, this same rule will be followed for permits issued by the Anne Arundel County Department of Health, Bureau of Environmental Health. This extension of permits will include well permits, perc applications, septic installation permits, waste hauler permits, commercial pool licenses, and pool operator and life guard licenses. At this time, the processing of new permits and the inspections related are limited and if there are questions, please contact the respective program for guidance.

Building Permit Review Checklist for Wells

View the document below or click here to download.


The following must be shown on a site plan for the subject property, as well as the neighboring properties. The plan must be drawn to engineer’s scale (1 inch = 10, 20, 30 feet, etc.):

___ Existing and/or proposed well locations
___ Property lines
___ Existing structures
___ Proposed structures
___ Name(s) of road(s) abutting property
___ Type and location of sewer mains and septic systems
___ Stormwater management devices
___ Mayo tank/grinder pump

The following separation distances apply to any proposed well:

___ 30’ from a building foundation
___ 10’ from a property line
___ 15’ from a roadside property line, right of way or easement
___ 50’ from a septic tank, pump pit, distribution box or septic disposal area
___ 50’ from a sewage force main
___ 50’ from a gravity sewer main constructed of clay (VCPX)
___ 50’ from gravity sewer constructed of PVC, HDPE or cast iron
___ 50’ from a Mayo tank or grinder pump
___ 50’ from any identifiable or potential source of contamination (ex: underground oil tank)
___ 50’ from a stormwater management subsurface infiltration area or sediment pond
___ 10’ from a sewer to house connection
___ 10’ from closed conduit stormwater piping

Additionally, there must be access for a well rig to drill the well in the proposed location.

Any proposed structure must be located 30 feet from an existing well. Upon written request, a variance may be considered to allow a proposed structure to be located as close as 20 feet from the subject property’s existing drilled well. A variance will not be granted to a neighboring well.

To determine the adequacy of an existing well, it may be necessary for a licensed well driller to evaluate the depth and yield, or for a Maryland State Certified Private Laboratory to test for water quality.

The upper terminal of the well must meet current code. A drilled well casing must extend at least 8 inches above finished grade and be fitted with a vermin-proof well cap. A well in a flood area must extend at least 24 inches above finished grade and be fitted with a flood-proof well cap.

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