Last updated: December 30, 2019
- Vision Screening or Comprehensive Eye Exam: Know the Difference
- Common Vision Impairments and Potential Educational Impact
- High Risk Groups for Vision Impairments
- Local Low-Cost Vision Resources
- School Vision and Hearing Screening Calendar
- Vision Screening: A short examination that can indicate the presence of a potential vision problem. It cannot diagnose exactly what is wrong with a child’s eyes.
- Comprehensive Eye Examination: Generally lasts 30 to 60 minutes and is performed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. Doctors review medical and visual history; conduct additional testing; diagnose a vision problem; provide treatment; and refer patient to another doctor or specialist, if needed.
Children are referred for a comprehensive eye exam when they do not pass vision screening. Those who pass may also be referred if they are at a high risk of having a vision disorder because of a medical or developmental reason.
|Amblyopia or lazy eye||Abnormal development of connection between the brain and eyes|
|Astigmatism||Irregular shape of the cornea or lens|
|Hyperopia or farsightedness||Nearby objects are blurry, far objects are in focus|
|Myopia or nearsightedness||Far objects are blurry, nearby objects are in focus|
|Strabismus or wandering eye||Eye misalignment, oriented in different directions|
Signs/Symptoms of Vision Impairments: Double vision, Blurred vision, Glare or halo, around light, Headaches, Dizziness, Nausea, Eye strain (tearing, burning, redness), Squinting or head turning, Closing one eye, Excessive blinking and Fatigue.
Impart of Impairments: Reduced attention span, Difficulty reading or doing close-up work, Difficulty reading or copying from board, Poor motor skills/hand-eye coordination, Impaired depth perception, Learning difficulties, Difficulty working from computer and Negative self-image.
Both genetic factors, including family history, and environmental factors play a role in the development of vision disorders. The presence of some vision disorders increases the likelihood of developing other vision disorders such as strabismus and amblyopia.
A number of neuro-developmental disorders, such as cerebral palsy, Down syndrome and autism spectrum disorders, are also associated with higher rates of visual problems.
The most significant preventable risk factor in children is maternal smoking. Children of women who smoked during pregnancy have higher rates of strabismus, hyperopia and astigmatism.
|America’s Best Contacts
150 S. Jennifer Road
Annapolis, MD 21401
|Anne Arundel Eye Center
127 Lubrano Drive, Suite 301
Annapolis, MD 21401
|Mark Preslan, M.D.
7671 Quarterfield Road
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
7900 Ritchie Highway
Marley Station Mall
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
|Maryland Society for Sight
1313 W. Old Cold Spring Lane
Baltimore, MD 21209
of Greater Annapolis
John Avallone, M.D.
83 Church Road
Arnold, MD 21012
|Peepers Family Eyecare
139 Richie Highway, Suite B
Severna Park, MD 21146
|Walmart Super Center – Optical Center
407 George Claus Boulevard
Severn, MD 21144
Medical Assistance Program Enrollment and Resources:
|Medical Assistance for Families (MCHP)||Health Care
|Administrative Care Coordination (ACC)|
Anne Arundel County Department of Health vision and hearing technicians and school nurses conduct mandated vision and hearing screenings in public schools each year. The screenings are for children in preschool, kindergarten, first and eighth grade, and for students new to Anne Arundel County schools. Special education students receiving speech therapy may also be recommended for screening. Department vision and hearing technicians also administer vision and hearing screenings at private schools, nurseries and day care programs to ensure that the appropriate children are screened.
Children who wear glasses should bring them to school on the day of the screening. School vision and hearing screenings will be at the following locations in January:
- January 2 – Sunset Elementary
- January 6 – Jessup Elementary
- January 7 – North Glen Elementary, Woodside Elementary
- January 8 – Crofton Elementary, Pershing Hill Elementary
January 9 – Annapolis Middle
- January 10 – Germantown Elementary
January 13 – High Point Elementary, Phoenix of Annapolis
- January 14 – Arundel Middle
- January 15 – Crofton Middle
- January 16 – George Cromwell Elementary, Windsor Farm Elementary
- January 17 – High Roads Academy, Severn School
- January 22 – Hillsmere Elementary, Meade High School
- January 23 – Lindale Middle
January 24 – West Meade Early Education Center
- January 27 – Brock Bridge Elementary, Central Special
- January 31 – Montessori International Children’s House
Children are screened in order to detect vision or hearing problems that may impair a child’s ability to perform successfully in school. If a potential deficiency is detected, a letter is sent to the parents informing them of the results. If a child does not pass the vision screening, the child is referred for a comprehensive eye exam. The parents are advised to contact the child’s doctor for further testing and advice. Those who pass may also be referred for a comprehensive eye exam if they are at a high risk of having a vision disorder because of a medical or developmental reason.
Here is information on common vision impairments, the potential educational impact and high risk groups.
For more information on the School Vision and Hearing Program, call Kim Roussey, vision and hearing technician supervisor, at 410-222-6838.